The members of chlorophyceae are normally known as chlorophyte . The plant body may also be unicellular, colonial or filamentous. they may be usually grass green thanks to the dominance of pigments chlorophyll and b. The pigments are localised in specific chloroplasts. The chloroplasts could also be discoid, plate-like, reticulate, cup-fashioned, spiral or ribbon-shaped in several species. Most of the participants have one or extra storage bodies referred to as pyrenoids located in the chloroplasts. Pyrenoids incorporate protein besides starch. Some algae may keep food in the type of oil droplets. Chlorophyte normally have a rigid cell membrane made from an internal layer of cellulose and an outer layer of pectose. Vegetative reproduction generally takes place through fragmentation or through formation of various forms of spores. Agamogenesis is through flagellated zoospores produced in zoosporangia. The amphimixis shows sizeable variation inside the type and formation of intercourse cells and it will be isogamous, anisogamous or oogamous. Some normally discovered chlorophyte are: Chlamydomonas, Volvox, Ulothrix, Spirogyra and Chara (Figure 3.1a).
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